PIAZZA DEL CAMPO
The world wide famous shell-shaped Piazza del Campo (field) is located in the hub of the city, where the site of the Roman forum in Siena was once placed.
The first records about the Piazza come from the second half of the 12th century, when Siena was ruled by the “Governo dei Ventiquattro” (a council composed of twenty-four local aristocratic members, who governed the city from1236 to 1270). In that period, the former sizeable field was acquired by the Community of Siena in order to change it into a huge market square, which space would be also utilized for fairs and open public events.
Piazza del Campo begun to develop into the current square in 1287, at the beginning of the period in which Siena was administrated by the “Governo dei Nove” (a council constituted by nine magistrates, who led the city from 1287 to 1335).
The architectonic medieval European masterpiece, which is believed Piazza del Campo the place where every year there is the Palio Race, was set on complicated scenery because of the original lie of the ground and its former layout.
Nevertheless, the square represents the paradigm of timeless equilibrium and stylishness.
The marvellous square is covered by outstanding buildings of the age, which were constructed according to the normative in being in Siena at the end of the 13th century. That law established several restrictions about the dimensions and the external ornamentation of the buildings, in line with the lack of grandeur of the most democratic “Governo dei Nove”.
Because of some massive buildings, which were by then facing onto Piazza del Campo, like the ancient Chiesa di San Pietro e San Paolo, were demolished.
The paving work in Piazza del Campo, using exceptional featured read bricks, started in 1327 and ended twenty years after. The brick paving is divided into nine sections delimited by white stones representing the “Governo dei Nove”, in order to make stand out the Gothic far above the ground “Torre del Mangia” (tower) and the “Palazzo Pubblico” (town hall) which was the govern seat, both of them standing full of pride at the top of the square.
Nowadays, the “Palazzo Pubblico” is the seat of the celebrated “Museo Civico”, which preserves treasured artworks former set in the city of Siena, as well as an important painting collection essentially composed of the works created by the most brilliant artists who pertained to the “School of Siena”.
FOR MORE INFORMATION ON TORRE DEL MANGIA CLICK HERE
FOR MORE INFORMATION ON FONTE GAIA CLICK HERE
What to See
The Cathedrals : Duomo di Siena
Main Monuments : Piazza del Campo , Palazzo Piccolomini
Main Museums : Museo dell' Opera di Siena , Museo dei Fisiocritici
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