Overview of sansepolcro
Sansepolcro is an interesting city with a very large territorial area located in the centre of Italy. It is situated in the High Tiber Valley, on the south eastern of Tuscany, bordering Umbria and Le Marche.
The first historical Sansepolcro’s records are coming from the 10th century when, according to the tradition, it was founded by two pilgrims, Arcanus and Aegidius, coming back home after a long stay in Holy Land, were taking with them a fragment of Jesus sepulchre. They built up an Oratory which, because of the holy relic, became an important spiritual site.
Due to its signify geographical position in Tuscany the dominion over Sansepolcro, first owned by the monks, was hardly contended since the middle Ages, beginning by the Camaldolesi (12th century); by Arezzo’s Govern, at the times of Uguccione della Faggiola (13th century); by the Lordship of Tarlati’s family (14th century), passing under the power of the Ghibellini’s League for a short time and returning in 1351 under the dominion of Tarlati’s family. In 1352 an earthquake practically destroyed the town. When the partial rebuilding works were starting, the Holy See of Città di Castello, represented by Guglielmo di Grisak, granted the town to Galeotto Malatesta, Lord of Rimini. In the 15th century Sansepolcro, with the support of Pope Eugene IV, was acquired by Florence. In the 16th century Pope Leo X conferred it the range of City taking a main political function into the Florentine territorial jurisdiction.
In the 18th century passed under the government of Lorena’s Duke and the city reached a key town-planning and economic development.
But, Sansepolcro is over all the birthplace of the genial painter Piero della Francesca (1416 c.-1492).
During the Renaissance, here were born other notorious artists like Santi di Tito, Matteo di Giovanni and Raffaellino del Colle, an advanced Raffaello’s pupil.
Main places to visit in Sansepolcro:
- The Civic Museum. It hosts four Piero della Francesca’s works. Its highlights are two of his main works: “La Resurrezione” and “La Madonna della Misecordia”.
It also houses important works by Santi di Tito and other relevant artists.
- The Cathedral. Located in the same place where the ancient Oratory was standing, was rehabilitated and enlarged in the 14th century and subsequently modified along the centuries. In the indoors there are three naves with Romanic pillars with Gothic influences. It keeps beautiful art works and its masterpiece is “Il Volto Santo” a peculiar big carved wooden Crucifix coming back from the 10th century.
- The Fortress. Erected in the 14th century was newly projected and built in the 16th century by Giuliano da Sangallo.
Where to eat:
- Ristorante Fiorentino. Placed in the “Locanda del Giglio” offers excellent homemade pasta as well as other traditional and imaginative dishes elaborated with the best local ingredients. The price for a complete meal is around 20 or 25 euros.
Where to sleep :
Main Towns in Casentino
Anghiari, Bibbiena, Camaldoli,
Chiusi della Verna, Monterchi, Poppi, Pratovecchio, San Sepolcro.
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