Overview of Lucignano
Lucignano is a fortified town, at 414 m. above the sea level, on the main route between Siena and Arezzo, overlooking Chiana valley.
It represents the paradigm of medieval concentric town-planning. A maze of winding streets is snacking from the highest to the southern points of the town.
To this day, the entire medieval town remains intact.
Its very first origins are coming from Etruscan and Roman civilizations as confirmed by the archaeological findings in the area. In the 1st century B.C., when Lucio Silla conquered the area it was baptized Lucinianum in his honour.
Between the 13th and the 16th century, Lucignano was continuously contended by Sienna, Arezzo, Perugia, and Florence jurisdictions.
From Perugia’s Govern the town received its coat of arms, still used today, where Lucignano added a star as a symbol of its hilltop position.
In the 14th century, under Sienna’s dominion, the fortification works were ended with the construction of the last town -walls and its three gates: Porta S. Giusto, Porta S, Giovanni and Porta Murata. Sienna also entrusted to the architect Bartolo Bartoli the construction of a Rocca (castle) close to the town-walls. The Rocca has a square form, a high quadrangular tower looking towards the outdoors and a smaller one looking into the town.
In the middle of the 16th century Lucignano passed under Florence’s control, becoming capital of a Vicariate.
The Grand Duke of Tuscany, Cosimo I de Medici, began an important series of urban works starting by the Fortress, attributed to the architect Bernardo Puccini. It rises isolated on the opposite hill of the town and was made up of two bastions in stone looking towards Sienna’s territory. The other two towers erected on each bastion were added a century ago to use them as windmills.
What to visit in Lucignano:
- The Town Hall. Built in the 13th century, the façade is ornamented by stone coats of arms. Within some frescoed lounges it hosts the Corporation Museum which keeps a master piece of Sienna’s goldsmiths: the Albero di Lucignano, a giant reliquary in the form of a tree.
- The Church of San Francesco. Built in the 13th century, the church has a Roman façade decorated with white and grey borders. It has an Egyptian cross interior and houses beautiful art works.
- The Collegiate of S. Michele Arcangelo. Constructed at the ending of the 16th century, is into a perfect harmony with the medieval urban context.
- The Sanctuary della Madonna delle Querce. It comes back from the second half of the 16th century and was designed by the great architect GiorgioVasari.
Main Towns of Valdichiana
Arezzo, Cortona , Montepulciano,
Torrita di Siena,
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