Palazzo Vecchio The Second Floor
A wonderful staircase projected by Giorgio Vasari conducts to the second floor which includes:
- The “Sala degli Elementi” houses five rooms and two terraces. They were designed by Giovan Battista del Tasso (16th century) and the work was continued by Giorgio Vasari. The walls and the ceilings of the rooms and terraces are frescoed with allegorical and mythological themes.
The original bronze of the “Putto col Delfino” by Andrea del Verrocchio is displayed in one of its rooms: “Sala di Giunione”.
- The “Quartiere di Eleonora” were the private lodgings of the wife of the Grand Duke of Tuscany, Cosimo I de Medici, Eleonora de Toledo (1522-1562), born Leonor Álvarez de Toledo y Osorio, daughter of Don Pedro Álvarez de Toledo, Marquis of Villafranca and Viceroy of Naples from 1532 to 1553.
The main rooms of the “Quartiere di Elenora”are:
- The “Camera Verde” with a ceiling frescoed by Ridolfo del Ghirlandaio (16th century) and a door which opens to a passageway connecting Palazzo Vecchio with Palazzo Pitti, commissioned to Giorgio Vasari by Cosimo I de Medici.
- The Chapel is frescoed by Bronzino, as well as the “Pietà” on the Altar.
- The “Sala di Gualdrada” decorated and painted by Giovanni Stradano (Italian name of the Flemish painter Jan Van der Straet, 16th century).
- The “Sala dell’Udienza” was the Chamber of Justice. Giuliano da Maiano (15th century) made the carved coffer ceiling, entirely covered with authentic gold. This Hall has a marvellous door with marble mouldings on the portal made by Benedetto and Giuliano da Maiano and precious intarsia carved by Francione (byname of Francesco di Giovanni, 15th century) which opens to the “Sala dei Gigli”. The walls were frescoed by Cecchino del Salviati (16th century) representing “Le Storie dei Fatti di Furio Camillo”.
- The “Sala dei Gigli” is ornamented with an outstanding frieze of fleur-de-lys by Benedetto and Giuliano da Maiano and a statue of “S. Giovanni Battista e Putti” also by the Maiano brothers. Domenico Ghirlandaio (15th century) frescoed the walls with religious and ancient Roman themes. This Hall hosts as well the gorgeous sculpture “Giuditta e Oloferne” by Donatello.
- The “Cappella della Signoria”: the Chapel is dedicated to San Bernardo. Ridolfo del Ghirlandaio frescoed the walls and the ceiling.
- The “Sala delle Carte Geografiche” houses the precious and enormous collection of maps (53) of Cosimo I de Medici. The wooden carved ceiling was made by Dionigi Nigetti (16th century). The Hall keeps also the historical and huge “mappa mundi” of Cosimo I.
- The “Vecchia Cancelleria” was been the private office of Niccolò Macchiavelli at the times of the Florentine Republic. It hosts a bust in polychrome terracotta and a portrait of the famous Florentine politician and thinker made by Santi di Tito (16th century).
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