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Museo Marino Marini

The Chiesa di San Pancrazio is at the present the seat of the Marino Marini Museum. It is located in Piazza San Pancrazio, between Via della Vigna Nuova and Piazza Santa Maria Novella.

The former Church of San Pancrazio had been one of the oldest churches in Florence. It was erected in the 9th century. It was rebuilt and embellished into Renaissance style in the 15th century. His beautiful façade and porch were designed and constructed (1461-1467) by the eminent architect Leone Battista Alberti -considered as the theoretical genius of the mathematic perspective - who also constructed in its indoors the Chapel di San Sepolcro, commissioned by the well-known  Rucellai family, one of the main benefactors of their parish church. In 1460, the Rucellai family became related to the Medici family by the marriage between Bernardo Rucellai and Lucrezia de Medici, daughter of Piero de Medici.
Within the Chapel di San Sepolcro it is the sepulchre of Giovanni Rucellai, which is a Renaissance Alberti’s version (1467) of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem.
In the nearby Via della Vigna Nuova, Leone Battista Alberti had already designed for the Rucellai family their imposing palace (called Palazzo Rucellai), which was built between 1447 and 1470.

Since 1988, the Church of San Pancrazio is the seat of the Marino Marini Museum, entirely devoted to host the artworks created by Marino Marini, one of the most celebrated European sculptors of the 20th century. The Tuscan artist is particularly famous for his numerous sculptures in bronze, wood, stone and terracotta of horses, horsemen, warriors and Pomonas, the Etruscangoddess who symbolized the fertility of the earth. He created as well a large collection of remarkable portrait busts, sculptured groups, drawings, engravings and paintings. The Museum houses 180 important artworks by Marini which were donated to Florence by the artist himself, and after his death - occurred on the 6th August 1980 - by his widow, Mercedes Pedrazzini.
The collection consists of sculptures, drawings and engravings. The artworks are coordinated by subject quite than by chronological order.

Marino Marini used a large variety of standards to express sentiments and sensations through the colour and the form, which is mainly inspired in the archaic easiness of the earliest Chinese figures and in the Etruscan and Greco-Roman sculptures. The colours are intense and the subjects are overall related to the horse, the horsemen and the sensual Pomonas. The portraits are principally devoted to illustrious artistic personalities of the 20th century.

To host the Museum the former Church underwent into an interior radical transformation, projected and conducted by the prestigious architects Bruno Sacchi and Lorenzo Papi.
The open indoors were set on different levels with walkways, corridors, platforms, stairs and galleries. The importance of the light was the first objective which the architects took in account. Marini used to speak about this determining factor in order to empathize with his works.

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West Side of Florence

The Cathedrals : Basilica di Santa Maria Novella , Chiesa Santa Trinit , Chiesa Ognissanti

Main Monuments :Piazza della Repubblica

Main Streets : Via Tornabuoni , Parco delle Cascine

Main Museums : Museo Marino Marini

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