Overview of Chiusi
The high interesting archaeological town of Chiusi is situated in the south/east of Sienna’s province between the plain and the hilly rises close the south of Val di Chiana.
Its origins come back to the first millennium B.C. Between the 6th and the 7th centuries B.C. it became one the most important cities in the Etruscan League. Under the leadership of the Etruscan king Porsenna this League was powerful enough to attack Rome.
Etruscan allied with Romans in the 1st century and the city changed its name into Clusium.
It was Episcopal site from the 4th century. In the 6th century the city was besieged by the Longobards and two centuries later it was conquered by the Francs.
In following centuries, Chuisi passed under Orvieto’s Government and Sienna’s Republic dominion, becoming finally a Medici’s State territorial part.
Nowadays, Chiusi is a blooming country town which reached its present aspect in the 17th century with the Leopoldina’s Reform.
What to visit in Chiusi:
- The National Archaeological Museum. There is an important collection of Etruscan, Greek and Romans findings. The Museum also provides guided visits to the main Etruscan tombs in the very nearness of the town, like “Tomba della Scimmia” and “Tomba del Leone”.
- Porsenna’s Maze. A long sequence of passageways built up by the Etruscans.
- The Cathedral (Duomo). Is a Romanesque building constructed with original Roman columns and capitals. Its interior was painted by Arturo Vigliardi in the 19th century and it looks like Roman mosaics. Underneath the High Altar there is an original Roman mosaic.
From the bell tower there are beautiful panoramic views over the surrounding territory.
- The Cathedral Museum. Is located in the cloister of the Cathedral and is conserving important Roman, Longobard and Medieval sculptures. It has also a prestigious collection of precious psalm books.
- The Christian Catacombs. There are several of them close to the town. A guided visit is available from the Cathedral Museum.
Where to eat:
- “La Solita Zuppa”. Located in the centre of the town is a well-known and popular restaurant with a local traditional cuisine. Their main speciality is a wide variety of delicious soups. Food is genuine and superb cooked. Price per person for a complete meal is about 20 euro.
Main Towns of Valdichiana
Arezzo, Cortona , Montepulciano,
Torrita di Siena,
Castiglion Fiorentino, Lucignano.
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