Overview of The Chianti Region
Chianti’s region is a wide territory (70,000 hectares) shaped by wonderful hills, valleys, forests and mountains running on pretty much a north/south alliance between Florence and Sienna.
On top of that amazing landscape it kind of weather and topography makes it a perfect land to farm vineyards, olive groves and to hold up an important cattle raising activity.
Its continental climate with a moderately low temperature in winter (3º or 4º C.) is dry and hot in summer rising over 35º C. The temperature is not going into a significant alteration during the day because of the different height’s scales of the territory which are going from 250 to 600 meters above sea level and surpassing 800 meters in the mountains.
According to the historical records, Chianti’s denomination – referred to its nowadays worldwide famous wines - came out at the ending of the14th century.
In the 17th century Chianti’s wines were already known in Great Britain and in the 18th century, due to the agrarian Tuscany’s revitalization, the export trading into Great Britain meaningfully increased.
From the second half of the 19th century the Chianti Classico (the original one)was progressively strengthening its position into the international markets.
Nowadays Chianti’s wines, as well as it extra virgin olive oil, are undoubtedly the most appreciated Italian ones.
Into the Chianti D.O.C.G. denomination there are two D.O.C. cataloguing: Gallo Nero and Putto, in order to make a difference between their production’s areas.
In Chianti’s territory there are seven classified wine growing areas:
- The most important one is the Chianti Classico area ( D.O.C. Gallo Nero ) going from San Casciano until Castelnuovo Berardenga, located in the way between Sienna and Florence.
The other six areas are: Colli Aretini, Colli Senesi, Colli Fiorentini, Montalbano, Rufina and Colline Pisane.
Main Towns of Chianti
Badia a Passignano,
Barberino val d' Elsa,
Castellina in Chianti,
Castello di Brolio,
Castello di Gabbiano,
Castello di Meleto,
Colle Val D' Elsa,
Greve in Chianti,
Mercatale Val di Pesa,
Panzano in Chianti,
Radda in Chianti,
Tavernelle Val di Pesa,
Badia a Coltibuono.
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