Overview of Chianciano Terme
Chianciano Terme, at approximately 550 meters above sea level, is situated on the green hills of Valdichiana, in the south of Sienna province. The locality is a well-known spa resort and is considered one of the most important health centres in Italy, which hosts more than a million visitors a year, attracted by its therapeutic spring waters, its splendid parks, the innumerable modern hotels and the old-fashioned ones - which were built up at the beginning of the last century- as well as by the beauty of the medieval fortress town located on a hill.
In ancient times it was already known by the Etruscan and the Romans who used to come to Chianciano to take the waters of its three thermal springs: Santa, Fucoli and Sillene.
During the Etruscan civilization a big temple was raised in honour of Good Health’s god, located close to Sillene’s spring. There have been found many archaeological treasures like big bronzed statues and splendid architectonical elements dated from the 5th century B.C. until the 7th century B.C.
In the 1st century B.C. Romans built luxurious villas with thermal baths in the nearness of Chianciano, such as those found in the ancient thermal complexes located in Mezzomiglio and Caramelle.
The locality became so famous that several illustrious personalities of the Empire established there their holyday residences. Horace, one of the greatest Roman’s poets, spent a long period in Chianciano to build up his strength.
In the 13th century its position at the side to Via Francigena (the ancient European central way to Rome) promoted its development and the town became an independent community.
In the 14th century Orvieto’s Government and Sienna’s Republic were contending for its possession. At last, it felt under Sienna’s authority.
Looking over the large present spa area, there is the beautiful medieval fortified town of Chianciano, intact conserved. Within the walls visitors can enjoy some fine old churches, a castle coming back from the 13th century and the remarkable Civic Archaeological Museum “Delle Acque”.
Main Towns of Valdichiana
Arezzo, Cortona , Montepulciano,
Torrita di Siena,
Castiglion Fiorentino, Lucignano.
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