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Overview of Bagno Vignoni

Bagno Vignoni is a small thermal locality situated in the heart of Val D’Orcia. It looks like a terrace on the valley with splendid panoramic views overlooking the country side, the hills and the ancient fortresses standing all around.
Close to Via Francigena, the main ancient way from Tuscany to Rome, many prosperous pilgrims used to make a short stop here to make the acquaintance of and utilize its curative thermal waters that flows at 52º C. An interesting description of these happenings can be found in the travel diary of the great French essayist Michel de Montaigne.

During the 16th century several scientifically studies about the curative properties of these thermal waters were written, increasing its fame and popularity. Maybe, the most important one was the work written by the important physician Andrea Bacci in 1584 who was there invited by the powerful Amerighi family, designated by the Grand Duke of Tuscany to manage Bagno Vignoni.
In the centre of the porch of their mansion, overlooking the thermal pool, they built a small chapel consecrated to Santa Caterina di Siena.
Lattanzio Tolemei, a well known poet from the same century Sienna’ school, wrote some verses dedicated to the water Nymphs which are incised on a marble table enclosed on a column in Santa Caterina’s open arcade.

In former times historical persons such as Pope Pio II, Santa Caterina di Siena, as well as Lorenzo di Medici, called The Magnificent, were restore to health by  Bagno Vignoni’s thermal waters rich in sodium chloride, calcium and iron carbonates and magnesium and sodium sulphates.

The chief characteristic of Bagno Vignoni, besides the thermal waters, is it unchanged structure. Its main square is absolutely surprising as it was built around its boiling waters.
All around the square there are some remarkable buildings projected by the prestigious architect Bernardo Rosellino as a mark of respect to Pope Pio II, as well as the open arcade which honoured Santa Caterina.  

Main Towns of Valdorcia

Radicofani, Sarteano, Cetona, Montalcino, Pienza, San Quirico D'Orcia, Castiglion D'Orcia, Bagni San Filippo, Bagno Vignoni, Abbadia and Monte Amiata

 

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